Types of Windows

Types of Windows

There are different types of windows used in building construction to provide ventilation, and view. The selection of windows depends on many criteria. A window is a vented barrier provided in a wall opening to admit light and air into the structure and also to give outside view. Windows also increases the beauty appearance of building.

Selection Criteria for Windows

Orientation of room
Size of room
Direction of wind
Climatic conditions
Utility of room
Architectural point of view
Based on the above factors we can select the suitable window for our strictures.

Types of Windows used in Buildings

There are so many types of windows are available based on their positions, materials and functioning. Windows are classified as follows.
1.Fixed windows
2.Sliding windows
3.Pivoted windows
4.Double hung windows
5.Louvered windows
6.Casement windows
7.Metal windows
8.Sash windows
9.Corner windows

  1. Bay windows
  2. Dormer windows
  3. Clerestory windows
  4. Gable windows
  5. Ventilators
  6. Skylights
  7. Eyebrow Windows
  8. Foldup
  9. Transom window

Fixed Windows

Fixed windows are fixed to the wall without any closing or opening operation. In general, they are provided to transmit the light into the room. Fully glazed shutters are fixed to the window frame. The shutters provided are generally weather proof.

Sliding Windows

In this case, window shutters are movable in the frame. The movement may be horizontal or vertical based on our requirement. The
movement of shutters is done by the provision of roller bearings. Generally, this type of window is provided in buses, bank counters,
shops etc…

Pivoted Windows

In this type of windows, pivots are provided to window frames. Pivot is a shaft which helps to oscillate the shutter. The swinging may either horizontal or vertical based on the position of pivots.
The central point, pin, or shaft on which a mechanism turns or oscillates.

Double Hung Windows

Double hung windows consist of pair of shutters attached to one frame. The shutters are arranged one above the other. These two shutters can slide vertically with in the frame. So, we can open the windows on top or at bottom to our required level.
To operate the double hung windows, a chain or cord consisting metal weights is metal provided which is connected over pulleys. So, by pulling the weights of cord the shutters can move vertically. Then we can fix the windows at our required position of ventilation or light etc…

Louvered Windows

Louvered windows are similar to louvered doors which are provided for the ventilation without any outside vision. The louvers may be made of wood, glass or metal. Louvers can also be folded by provision of cord over pulleys. We can maintain the slope of louvers by tilting cord and lifting cord.

Recommended angle of inclination of louvers is about 45 degree. The sloping of louvers is downward to the outside to run-off the rain water. Generally, they are provided for bathrooms, toilets and privacy places etc…

Casement Windows

Casement windows are the widely used and common windows nowadays. The shutters are attached to frame and these can be opened and closed like door shutters. The panels of shutters may be single or multiple. Sometimes wired mesh is provided to stop entering of flies.

Metal Windows

Metal windows, generally mild steel are used for making metal windows. These are very cheap and have more strength. So, now days
these are widely using especially for public buildings, private building etc. Some other metals like aluminum, bronze, stainless steel etc. also used to make windows. But they are costly compared to mild steel windows. For normal casement windows also, metal shutters are provided to give strong support to the panels.

Sash Windows

Sash window is type of casement window, but in this case panels are fully glazed. It consists top, bottom and intermediate rails. The space between the rails is divided into small panels by mean of small timber members called sash bars or glazing bars.

Corner Windows

As in the name itself corner windows are provided at the corners of room. That means a corner window has two faces in perpendicular directions. By providing this type of windows, light or air can be entered into room in two different directions.
To provide this type of window special lintel is provided in the wall. Corner windows will give aesthetic appearance to the building.

Bay Windows

Bay windows are projected windows form wall which are provided to increase the area of opening, which enables more ventilation and light form outside. The projections of bay windows are of different shapes. It may be triangular or rectangular or polygonal etc. They give beautiful appearance to the structure.

Dormer Windows

Dormer windows are provided for sloped roofs. These are projected from the sloping surface as shown. They provide ventilation as well as lighting to the room. They also enhance aesthetic sense of room.

Clerestory windows

If the rooms in a building are of different ceiling heights, clerestory windows are provided for the room which has greater ceiling height than the other rooms. The shutters able to swing with the help of cord over pulleys. These also enhances the beauty of building.

Gable Windows

Gable windows are provided for sloped roof buildings. These windows are provided at the gable end of sloped roof so; they are called as gable windows. They also improve the appearance of building.


Ventilators are provided for the purpose of ventilation in the room. They are provided at greater height than windows nearer to roof level. It is in very small size. Horizontally pivoted shutters are provided for ventilators.


Skylights or generally provided on the top of sloped roofs. To admit light into the rooms, sky lights are provided. It is provided parallel to the sloping surface. Sky lights can be opened when we required.

Eyebrow window

The term eyebrow window is used in two ways: a curved top window in a wall or in an eyebrow dormer; and a row of small windows usually under the front eaves.
The part of a roof that meets or overhangs the walls of a building.

Foldup window

A foldup has two equal sashes similar to a standard double hung, but folds upward allowing air to pass through nearly the full frame opening.

Transom window

A window above a door; in an exterior door the transom window is often fixed, in an interior door it can open either by hinges at top or
bottom, or rotate on hinges. It provided ventilation before forced air heating and cooling.